Benjamin Franklin

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Re: Benjamin Franklin

Message par La nuit, la neige le Ven 09 Mar 2018, 18:58

Sur Europe 1, il y a quelques jours, l'émission Au coeur de l'Histoire, était consacrée à : Benjamin Franklin.

Présentation :

De Benjamin Franklin, les Français savent généralement qu’il a été un grand inventeur et un grand politique – et le premier ambassadeur à Paris des Etats-Unis d’Amérique !
Nous allons voir que Benjamin Franklin était aussi imprimeur, penseur, Franc-Maçon, séducteur …et fondateur de la première compagnie américaine de pompiers !
Nous allons suivre ses pas lors de sa mythique arrivée à Paris, en 1778.


Benjamin Franklin
Joseph Siffred Duplessis
Source image : https://ndla.no/en/node/115897?fag=71085


Invité :
Franck Ferrand a convié André Kaspi.

Lorena Martin marchera ensuite, à Philadelphie, dans les pas de Franklin ; nous irons notamment à la City Tavern assister au dîner des Pères fondateurs – c’était en 1787.

Arrow Si le sujet vous intéresse, c'est ici (durée environ 43 mn) : http://www.europe1.fr/emissions/au-coeur-de-l-histoire/lintegrale-benjamin-franklin-05032018-3591044
La nuit, la neige
La nuit, la neige

Messages : 12666
Date d'inscription : 21/12/2013

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Re: Benjamin Franklin

Message par La nuit, la neige le Mar 17 Avr 2018, 14:07

New York oblige !  

A l'occasion de l'exposition Visitors to Versailles (1682-1789), organisée par le Met Museum du 16 avril au 29 juillet, nos amis américains ont choisi un visuel promotionnel qui, pour une fois, ne concerne pas le très médiatique Louis the fourteenthhhhhh   , mais plutôt ce duo formé par Louis XVI et Benjamin Franklin :



Notre sujet, ici : http://marie-antoinette.forumactif.org/t3526p50-exposition-visiteurs-de-versailles-1682-1789#120957

Idea Il s'agit d'un détail d'un groupe en porcelaine dont nous avions posté, ici-même, le modèle qui était exposé à Versailles.
Voici des images de celui qui est présenté à New York :


Photo : The Metropolitan Museum of Art

Figure of Louis XVI and Benjamin Franklin
Charles-Gabriel Sauvage, called Lemire pere (1741–1827)
Porcelain, made in Lorraine (France), circa 1780-85
Location : The Metropolitan Museum of Art


Photo : The Metropolitan Museum of Art

This figure group in unglazed porcelain depicts the French king Louis XVI and American statesman Benjamin Franklin commemorating the signing of two treaties between France and the United States in 1778.


Photo : The Metropolitan Museum of Art


Photo : The Metropolitan Museum of Art

Inscribed "INDEPENDENCE DE L'AMERIQUE" and "LIBERTE DES MERS", the porcelain celebrates the treaties recognizing American independence and guaranteeing the right to trade between the two nations without British interference.


Photo : The Metropolitan Museum of Art

Louis is depicted in ceremonial dress, and Franklin in plain garb exhibits the unpretentious demeanor for which he was much loved by the French.


Photo : The Metropolitan Museum of Art


Idea Et ainsi prrésentée également à l'occasion de cette exposition, cette tenue "si peu prétentieuse" qu'aimait porter Benjamin Franklin, loin de la magnificence des habits de cour européens...


Three-Piece Suit (habit à la française)
Circa 1778-79
Photo : Smithsonian’s National Museum of American History, Washington, D.C.


This habit à la française belonged to Benjamin Franklin; it may be the plum-colored silk suit he bought in Paris in 1779, the year he was made American minister to France.
The simplicity of dress he became known for was deceiving; tailor bills record luxury suits of vicuña wool, silk, and taffeta.
It was the lack of embroidery and the absence of a wig that made Franklin stand out at the court.


Idea Egalement présentée à l'occasion de cette exposition :


Cup and Saucer (tasse litron)
Painted and gilded by Étienne-Henry Le Guay
Sèvres Manufactory, circa 1779
Photo : Hillwood Estate, Museum & Gardens, Washington, D.C


This cup shows Benjamin Franklin while the saucer depicts symbols of the Franco- American Treaty of Alliance, signed on February 6, 1778.
Considered an apostle of liberty, Franklin was celebrated as much for his scientific achievements and perceived wisdom as for his simplicity of dress. The American diplomat enjoyed a kind of cult status in France and his image was widely disseminated.

Idea De même que...


Constitutions des Treize Etats-Unis de l’Amérique (Constitutions of the Thirteen United States of America)
Printed in Paris by Philippe Denis Pierres ; available at Pierres and Pissot Père & Fils
1783
Bibliothèque Municipale de Versailles

Photo : The Metropolitan Museum of Art

This volume, compiled under the direction of Benjamin Franklin, contains the constitutions of the thirteen original American states and the Declaration of Independence translated into French.
He ordered more than a hundred copies because he felt that "the extravagant misrepresentations of our Political State, in foreign Countries, made it appear necessary to give them better Information."

This particular copy was presented to Louis XVI.


Photo : The Metropolitan Museum of Art


Idea Et enfin, offert à Benjamin Franklin, lorsqu'il quitte la cour de France, en 1785...


Miniature Portrait of Louis XVI
Louis Marie Sicardi (1743–1825)
Signed and dated (at left center): Sicardy 1784
Photo : American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia


This pendant with a miniature portrait of the king (boîte à portrait) was given to Benjamin Franklin in 1785 after he left the French court. Only the likeness of Louis XVI survives ; originally the picture was framed and crowned by 408 diamonds.
Franklin left the pendant to his daughter, Sarah Bache, stipulating that she should never wear the diamonds, most of which were later sold.
La nuit, la neige
La nuit, la neige

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Date d'inscription : 21/12/2013

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Re: Benjamin Franklin

Message par Mme de Sabran le Mar 17 Avr 2018, 14:36

La nuit, la neige a écrit:

Idea Et ainsi prrésentée également à l'occasion de cette exposition, cette tenue "si peu prétentieuse" qu'aimait porter Benjamin Franklin, loin de la magnificence des habits de cour européens...


Three-Piece Suit (habit à la française)
Circa 1778-79
Photo : Smithsonian’s National Museum of American History, Washington, D.C.


.

Merci, cher la nuit, la neige. Very Happy

Ce costume est taillé dans un gros drap entre puce et caca du dauphin .
Le voici, sur l'homme :



_________________
...    demain est un autre jour .
Mme de Sabran
Mme de Sabran

Messages : 37959
Date d'inscription : 21/12/2013
Localisation : l'Ouest sauvage

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Re: Benjamin Franklin

Message par La nuit, la neige le Mer 30 Jan 2019, 22:08

Une vente aux enchères, qui nous donne l'occasion de revenir sur l'histoire de l'une des représentations sculptées parmi les plus connues du XVIIIe siècle...
C'est en anglais, désolé.

- Benjamin Franklin
Atelier de Jean-Antoine Houdon

Signed and dated below his right shoulder : houdon f. 1778
With red wax cachet d'atelier on the reverse
painted plaster ; height 22  1/4  in.; 56.5 cm


Photo : Sotheby's

Note au catalogue (extraits) :

Benjamin Franklin’s was the first American portrait made by Jean-Antoine Houdon and became the best known image of this exceedingly popular and distinguished “sage and savant”.
Franklin, a statesman, inventor, philosopher and scientist, resided in France during most of the American Revolution serving as minister to that country with the purpose of winning French support for the American cause of independence.

In 1778, Houdon produced his first portrait bust of Franklin, the terracotta that is now preserved in the Louvre.


Jean Antoine Houdon
Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790)
Musée du Louvre
Photo : RMN-Grand Palais / René-Gabriel Ojéda


Subsequently, two marbles were carved, one executed in 1778, now in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, and one dated 1779, sold in these rooms in 1998 to the Philadelphia Museum of Art.
The precision of the expression in Houdon’s 1778 portrait, upon which the present plaster depends, personifies Franklin’s humor and wisdom. Both of Houdon’s busts of Franklin portray him in contemporary dress, lacking shoulders and with a rounded truncation.

Photo : Sotheby's

Franklin became a celebrity upon his arrival in Paris and his status in French society grew with the unveiling of new portraits of him by painters and sculptors such as Greuze, Boilly, Caffieri and Duplessis. But it was Houdon’s portrait that hastened the great demand for Franklin’s image.


Benjamin Franklin in the Studio of Houdon
Léon Marie Constant Dansaert
c. ?1860, oil on canvas, 26¾ by 31½ in.
Photo : United States Department of State, Diplomatic Reception Rooms, Washington, D.C / Sotheby's


The present portrait dated 1778 exists in other plaster versions including one in the Schlossmuseum, Gotha; the Musée Fabre, Montpelier; the American Society of Arts and Sciences, Boston on loan to the Boston Athenaeum and four other plasters that were mentioned by William Temple Franklin in a letter of April 3, 1785 but are untraced (Poulet, op.cit., p. 249).

Houdon was received as a member of the Académie royale 1777. He found patrons in courts all over Europe including Germany, Russia, Poland and Sweden and established his reputation as the pre-eminent portrait sculptor of his time in Europe. Houdon had modelled the likenesses of other men of letters, European nobility of the Enlightenment and the most prominent Americans, culminating in the full-length statue of George Washington in Richmond, Virginia.


Houdon Studio cachet d’atelier
Photo : Sotheby's


Houdon’s technical achievements, sense of spontaneity and psychological realism paired with an elegance and dignity of character, are most evident in the present bust.
This portrait has become so much of the iconography of America and its sense of immediacy, highlighted by the extremely naturalistic rendering of the eyes and the parted lips, as if Franklin were in mid-sentence, bring this cherished statesman to life.



Photos : Sotheby's

* Source et infos complémentaires : Sotheby's - Old Master Paintings Day Sale
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Re: Benjamin Franklin

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